The manufacturing of lithium batteries takes place in ultra low humidity dry rooms which can range between small R&D lab environments to large scale mass production facilities.
Lithium battery technology is changing dramatically. New materials and chemistries are tested every day to try to reduce costs and meet the growing demand. It is critical that advanced engineering, battery innovation and high performance battery production take place in specially designed ultra-low humidity dry rooms. Research with high energy battery chemistries involving lithium-ion, lithium iron phosphate, graphene and solid state must be contained in stable environments with less than 1 percent humidity due to chemical sensitivity to moisture.
A reaction with lithium and water is exothermic (generates heat) and forms lithium hydroxide and hydrogen. The heat from the reaction can ultimately lead to burning and potential explosion. In addition to the important safety considerations, minimizing moisture content with ultra-low dew point air supply is necessary to achieve high levels of product yield, quality control, energy efficiency, cycle life and storage capacity. Since flammable solvents are often also used in these dry rooms, an exhaust system is important for removal of solvent vapors.
Each dry room application is unique. With the advent of consumer electronics, electric vehicles, solar power and grid storage applications, there is a significant variety of battery production processes. In addition to the chemistry variations, many other factors are considered when determining the dehumidification capacity needed for a dry room. The dehumidification system must be custom designed with enough drying capacity to be able to maintain the dry room at the specified condition. Most battery manufacturers require that a room’s humidity/average moisture level be maintained as low as -40°C dew point (0.5% Relative Humidity at 72°F) and sometimes even lower.
Dehumidification Design Factors
Dry room size
Type of chemistry and process
Personnel activity in the dryroom
Airlocks for material and personnel movement
Munters desiccant dehumidification systems are specifically designed to meet the needs of advanced battery manufacturers’ requirement for precise and low dew point control, while at the same time consuming less energy. Munters is the market leader in the battery industry, having provided energy-efficient dehumidification systems and turnkey dry rooms for over 40 years.
Munters Desiccant Rotor Principle
The simple yet genius principle of our desiccant wheel was invented more than 60 years ago by Carl Munters. Two air systems pass simultaneously through the slowly rotating rotor, impregnated with a highly effective desiccant. One airstream is dehumidified to provide the necessary dry air, the other dries the rotor, exhausting the accumulated moisture externally.
- Consumer Electronics (Mobile Phones, Tablet PCs, Digital Cameras, Laptops)
- Hybrid Vehicles / Electric Vehicles (EV)
- Electric Grid Storage (ESS)
- UPS for Data Centers
- Medical Devices
- Power Tools
- Electric Bikes, Wheel Chairs
- Battery Characterization Laboratory (R&D)
segments within electronics
We can help you with
Protection of Electronics
Many semi-conductor and electronics operations require closely controlled dry conditions. The presence of excessive humidity / moisture causes corrosion of 'circuit points', condensation on a microchip's circuit surface and improper adhesion of photoresists causing operational failure of the semi-conductor.Read more
R&D Labs and Clean Rooms
Munters dehumidification solutions in laboratories, clean rooms and laminar flow cabinets ensure that the relative humidity is kept constant, regardless the ambient conditions.Read more
When water evaporates it becomes water vapour. When this comes into contact with cool surfaces, condensation drips onto walls, ceilings and productsRead more
Corrosion, or the oxidation of metal, is heavily influenced by the presence of moisture in the air.Read more
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